Jeg skal til engelsk afgangsprøve på mandag. Det her er min redegørelse til min outline, det ville være rigtig fedt hvis der var nogen herinde som gad give kritik på indholdet, og evt. rette nogle gramatiske fejl.
På forhånd tak
Why did I choose this topic?
The reason why I choose this topic is because I think the aborigine’s relationship to the nature is very interesting.
How did they come to Australia?
It its still discussed how the aborigines came to Australia. Some people mean that they could walk from the main land because of low water level during the last great ice age, for about 30.000 yeas ago. That made it possible for the zancestors of the Australian aboriginals to reach Australia.
But in the summer last year a Danish scientist from Copenhagen University discovered that the aborigines came to Australia for about 50.000 yeas ago. New modern scientific methods made it possible for him to analyse a hair from an aboriginal and compared its DNA with some DNA from an Asian hair. He found out that the gene had changed that much so the aboriginals couldn’t come from the same migration wave from Africa as the Asians do. His theory is that the Asians and the Europeans are descendants of the second migration wave for about 30.000 years ago, and the aborigines are descendants of the first migration wave for about 70.000 years ago.
The Dreamtime is about the earth’s creation. Before the dreamtime was Australia flat, cold and dark. But then great spirits took shape as different animals. It could be a turtle, a snake maybe human form. The spirit ancestors shaped every river, tree, mountain and every star during the Dreamtime. They walked in the landscape, and song about how the landscape should look. That is called the song lines. When the aborigines go walkabout, they trace their ancestor’s paths or song lines. In the walkabout they live in the wilderness for a period as long as six months.
The Dreamtime is not just about how the earth was created but also stories about animals. I heard one that explained why the koala has a stumpy tail. It was the koala and the tree kangaroo that rested in a tree. It was a very dry season so they got thirsty, but all the water from the lake was gone. They decided to dig a hole until they hit the water level. The tree kangaroo began to dig, and the koala rested, they had to shift at a time. After 1 hour the tree kangaroo said now it’s your turn to dig. The koala said sorry I have a thorn in my finger I must get it out before I can dig. When the koala got the thorn pulled out, it said I am too thirsty to dig you must continue. After many hours the tree kangaroo hit the water level. The koala pushed the kangaroo away and drank all the water. Then the tree kangaroo got angry and tore the tail of the koala. The koala lost its tail and a good friend because of it selfishness. These stories from the dreamtime is similar in someway to the Danish fables because of the morale in the story.
The boomerang is a wing shaped weapon, which the aborigines used for hunting. It it’s a very special weapon because its aerodynamic shape makes it fly back if you throw it with a certain angle.
Many aboriginals have poor study results one of the reasons is that the aboriginal children are being bullied because of their origin. But their home situation is also a reason, for example weak economy and long periods of illness (because their not resistant of the same diseases as we are). Another very big problem is that the second language for many aboriginals is English and in the Australian schools is English the language of communication.
Criminality is also a big problem. 1,5 % of the Australian population is aborigines. Statistics shows that aboriginals is 11 times more likely in prisons than non indigenous people. One of the reasons to the high criminality rate among aboriginals is that the aboriginals are very poor. Which means that some aboriginals are almost forced to criminality to survive. and they don’t got education.